Scatter plot with regression line or curve in R

Scatter plot based on a model

You can create a scatter plot based on a theoretical model and add it to the plot with the lines function. Consider the example of the following block of code as illustration.

# Data. Model: Y = X ^ 2
set.seed(54)
x <- seq(0, 10, by = 0.05)
y <- x ^ 2 + rnorm(length(x), sd = 20)

# Scatter plot and underlying model
plot(x, y, pch = 16)
lines(x, x ^ 2, col = 2, lwd = 3)

# Text
text(2, 70, expression(Y == X ^ 2))

Underlying model of the scatter plot

Scatter plot with linear regression

Scatter plot with linear regression line

You can add a regression line to a scatter plot passing a lm object to the abline function. Recall that coef returns the coefficients of an estimated linear model.

# Data. Model: Y = X ^ 2
set.seed(54)
x <- seq(0, 10, by = 0.05)
y <- x ^ 2 + rnorm(length(x), sd = 20)

# Scatter plot and linear regression line
plot(x, y, pch = 16)
abline(lm(y ~ x), col = 4, lwd = 3)

# Text
coef <- round(coef(lm(y ~ x)), 2)
text(2, 70,  paste("Y = ", coef[1], "+", coef[2], "x"))

Scatter plot with LOWESS regression curve

The LOWESS smoother uses locally-weighted polynomial regression. This non-parametric regression can be estimated with lowess function.

# Data. Model: Y = X ^ 2
set.seed(54)
x <- seq(0, 10, by = 0.05)
y <- x ^ 2 + rnorm(length(x), sd = 20)

# Scatter plot and LOWESS regression curve
plot(x, y, pch = 16)
lines(lowess(x, y), col = 3, lwd = 3)

LOWESS regression scatter plot in R

Data Sketches

A journey of imagination, exploration, and beautiful data visualizations

Buy on Amazon
Better Data Visualizations

A Guide for Scholars, Researchers, and Wonks

Buy on Amazon
ggplot2

Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis

Buy on Amazon

See also